Drug addiction is a disease that causes long term changes in the brain that's characterized by an uncontrollable urge to seek out and use drugs despite knowledge of all the harmful consequences. These adjustments in the mind can prompt to the hurtful practices found in individuals who take drugs. Drug compulsion is likewise a backsliding illness. Relapse means going back after some time, to using the substance one had stopped using.
Addiction starts when the decision to take drugs is first made. However, the mental strength to decide whether to use drugs or not is eroded with time. Looking for and using the substance becomes uncontrollable. This unrelenting craving results from the effects of the drug on the brain over time. Dependence influences parts of the mind required in reward and inspiration, learning and memory plus control over conduct.
Drug dependency is an illness that alters both brain functions and actions.
Can Drug Addiction Be Treated?
Yes, yet it's not simple. Since addiction is a chronic ailment, individuals can't just quit utilizing drugs for a couple days and be treated. To come back to their old lives and overcome drug addiction totally, many addicts will require repeated or prolonged care periods.
An addict in treatment must work toward the following:
Stopping to require using the drug
be profitable in the family, at work and in the public arena
Standards Of Effective Treatment
Ongoing scientific research since the 1970s has shown that the following basic principles should be the basis of any effective course of treatment:
Though a complex brain altering illness, drug dependency can be successfully treated.
No cure-all treatment plan fits everybody.
Treatment should be made available to people whenever they need it.
Viable treatment addresses the greater part of the patient's needs, not only his or her drug intake.
It is extremely important to remain under treatment for a very long period of time.
The most frequently used forms of treatment are counselling and other behavioural therapies.
Medications are regularly an imperative component of treatment, particularly when consolidated with behavioural therapies.
To make sure the user's most current requirements are met, there is a need for continuous evaluations and adjustments to the treatment regime.
Treatment should deal with other potential mental disorders.
The cleansing administered by medical personnel is the beginning step of the journey.
Patients do not necessarily enrol for treatment by choice.
Medical personnel must supervise any medications taken during the rehab period.
A treatment programme must test a patient for hepatitis B and C, TB, HIV/AIDS and other infectious illnesses and educate the patient about things he/she can do to reduce his/her risk of these diseases.
How Is Drug Addiction Treated?
There are several steps to effective treatment:
medical detoxification, when the body physically rids itself of the drug
medication (for tobacco, opioid, or alcohol addiction)
evaluation and treatment for mental health issues like anxiety and depression that co-occur with addiction
Avoiding relapse by providing long term follow up care
Great results can be realised with the customised medical care plan and support services.
Both medical and mental health treatment should be utilized as needed. Often, community or family based recovery groups or support systems are used as part of follow up care.
How Is Medication Employed In Substance Dependency Treatment?
The treatment of co-occurring health issues, avoidance of relapse and amelioration of the withdrawal symptoms are some of the cases where medications are needed.
Withdrawal The withdrawal symptoms that are witnessed when detox is done could be alleviated with medications. Detoxification is not in itself "treatment," rather just the initial phase all the while. Patient who doesn't get any further treatment after detoxification as a rule resumes their drug usage. The SAMHSA, 2014 study has shown that about 80% of detox programmes use prescription drugs.
Relapse Prevention Medications can help manage cravings and help patients re-establish normal brain activity. There are medications for the treatment of addictions to alcohol, tobacco/nicotine, and opioids, such as heroin or prescription pain pills. Scientists are busy to develop other medications to treat cannabis (marijuana) and stimulant (methamphetamine and cocaine) dependency. Users of multi drugs to fully recover must be treated for each one.
What About Behavioural Therapies And Drug Addiction
Patients are helped by behavioural therapy with:
Change their mindset and conduct towards taking drugs
Learn to exercise healthy life skills
Endure with different types of treatment, for example, medication
The settings upon which patents can access their treatments and the approaches used varies.
Outpatient behavioural treatment comprises a big range of programmes for patients who go to a behavioural health counsellor regularly. Personal or group drug counselling or both of them are included in majority of the programs.
These projects normally offer types of behavioural treatment, for example,
Cognitive behavioural therapy used to help the patient identify trigger circumstances where they are most vulnerable to taking the drugs and how to avoid them and move on to overcome the addiction
multidimensional family therapy - designed for teenagers suffering drug addiction and their relatives - which considers several factors that contribute to their drug addiction, with the intention of affecting the functioning of the family in a positive manner
motivational interviewing, that makes the most of a person's willingness to alter their behaviour and start treatment
Motivational impetuses (possibility management), which utilizes uplifting feedback to support restraint from medications
Treatment is at times strenuous initially, where a patient attends many outpatient sessions weekly. Subsequent to finishing escalated treatment, patients move to customary outpatient treatment, which meets less frequently and for decreased hours every week to help manage their recuperation.
Residential/inpatient treatment can also be extremely successful, particularly for patients with more serious issues (including co-occurring conditions). Residential treatment facilities are licensed to offer safe housing and medical attention plus around the clock structured and intensive care. Inpatient treatment facilities can use many therapeutic approaches and are usually working toward assisting the patient after treatment to maintain a drug free, crime free lifestyle.
Residential treatment setting samples:
Rigidly structured programs where patients remain inpatient for 6 to 12 months are called therapeutic communities. The whole group, including treatment staff and those in recuperation, approach as key specialists of progress, affecting the patient's states of mind, comprehension and practices related with drug utilisation.
Shorter-term residential treatment, which ordinarily concentrates on detoxification and also giving early extensive counselling and readiness for treatment in a community based setting.
There are also recovery housing services aimed at giving a patient a place to stay in the short term as they recuperate from treatment in other establishments. The recovery housing programme provides a bridge for the patients between the long term inpatient facility and re-joining the society; patients are helped to prepare for life on the outside by enabling them to look for jobs and learn how to take care and budget their money.
Problems Of Re-Admission
The excessive urge to take drugs could be "triggered" by several factors within the brain, as the workings of the brain is altered by drug abuse. Patients at a residential rehab centre or a prison facility when undergoing treatment are taught how to tell what drives them to take drugs, how to avoid and also cope with those things once they re-join society.